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Fire & Water - Cleanup & Restoration

How to Properly Handle a Fire Extinguisher

12/11/2019 (Permalink)

Classes A-K of fire extinguishers Classes A-K of fire extinguishers.

          Using a fire extinguisher

Step 1: pull the fire alarm and call the fire department, if applicable

Step 2: Identify an evacuation path before approaching the fire. Never allow fire, heat, or smoke to come between you and the evacuation path.

Step 3: Use the extinguisher using the P.A.S.S. technique

                P.A.S.S. Technique:

  • Pull the pin – this breaks the tamper seal
  • Aim low- point the nozzle or hose at the base of the fire. DO NOT touch the nozzle or discharge horn! This can damage your skin
  • Squeeze – squeeze the handle to release the extinguishing agent.
  • Sweep – from side to side at the base of the fire until it is extinguished. If it re-ignites, repeat steps 2-4

Step 4: Back away from the fire immediately in case of re-ignition.

Step 5: Evacuate IMMEDIATELY if the fire is not out and the extinguisher is empty.

If you have any doubts about your ability to fight a fire evacuate IMMEDIATELY


       Always be aware of any fire extinguisher recalls!

There are 5 primary classes of fire extinguishers, made specifically for different fires. To see each type here 

  • Class A: This type of fire extinguisher is used with materials such as: cloth, wood, paper
    • Found in homes and businesses
  • Class B: This type of fire extinguisher is used for grease, gasoline, or paints. 
    • Found in homes and businesses.
  • Class C: This type of extinguisher is used for electrical equipment such as tools or other equipment that is plugged in.
    • Found in homes and businesses.
  • Class D: This type of fire extinguisher is used for flammable metals
    • Found in factories 
  • Class K:  This type of extinguisher is used for vegetable oils, animal oils, and cooking fats. 
    • Found in restaurants, cafeterias, catering. 

Sometimes extinguishers are multi-purpose and labeled as “A-B-C” meaning it covers Class A – Class C materials.

Always be sure nothing is ever in the way of a fire extinguisher. Also be sure the hoses, nozzles, and can are not dented or damages, and that they are clean!

For more info, click -> here

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